Basically, 'Trait-Based' leadership models focus on identifying the traits of successful leaders. Trait-based theoretical models of effective leadership draw on the idea that great leaders have certain character traits with the dated opinion that all successful leaders are born leaders.
Zaccaro entitled, Trait-Based Perspectives of Leadership. The trait-based perspective on leadership was dismissed by many scientific leadership researchers in the midth century. A primary reason was that the research did not account for situational variance in leadership behavior.
Quantitative analysis of leadership was difficult in the past. Recent improvements in research methods, such as statistics, have led to resurgence of interest in trait-based leadership theory.
Zaccaro called for researchers to address fundamental issues or critical points, which he defined. He identified a defining core of leadership traits that transcend organizational domains.
Finally, he summarized a multistage model that predicts various traits having more distal or proximal effects, accordingly. The author concludes with proposing future directions of research with the goal of identifying universal qualities of effective leaders.
Introduction The purpose behind this critique is to evaluate an observational study, published inby Stephen J. The globally popular trait-based theory of leadership of the early 20th century lost credibility after World War II.
Advances in quantitative analysis methods, concepts, and statistical models provided empirical data that challenged studies that had rejected leader trait models. Zaccaro postulated that by refining common traits and attributes of effective leaders into universally standard categories, such commonalities could be analyzed quantitatively.
First, the refinement of multiple leader traits and attributes must be made.
Secondly, studies should address how joint combinations of characteristics have an influence on behavior. In this way he explains the curvilinear relationships of traits with outcomes that were used to discredit leadership-trait theories.
Computer models may now calculate complex multiplicative and curvilinear relationships that were confounders in the past. Third, particular situations may predict success or failure depending various traits. Fourth, similar leader traits may be stable in cross situations while others may be situation-bound.
Zacarro went on to provide a broader definition of leader trait that is focused on personality attributes. He then identified actual traits that are distally and proximally influenced by situational parameters.
He then illustrated a multistage model that predicts various traits having more distal or proximal effects.Trait leadership - the oldest type of thinking about effective leadership - is defined as integrated patterns of personal characteristics that reflect a range of individual differences and foster consistent leader effectiveness across a variety of group and organizational situations (Zaccaro, Kemp, & Bader, ).Basically, 'Trait-Based' leadership models focus on identifying the traits of.
Trait-Based Pespectives of Leadership, Zaccaro () Essay.
This paper is an academic critique of an observational study research article written by Stephen J. Zaccaro () entitled, Trait-Based Perspectives of Leadership. Trait-Based Perspectives of Leadership Stephen J. Zaccaro George Mason University The trait-based perspective of leadership has a long but checkered history.
Trait approaches dominated the initial decades of scientific leadership research. Intelligence or intellectual ability is positively related to leadership. Based on their analysis of a series of recent studies on intelligence and various indices of leadership, Zaccaro et al.
() found support for the finding that leaders tend to have higher intelligence than nonleaders. Leader Traits and Attributes Stephen J. Zaccaro Cary Kemp Paige Bader T he concept of leader traits and attributes is indeed an old one, predating the scientific study of leadership and reaching back into antiquity, across several early civilizations (Bass, ; Zaccaro, in press).
For example, in Chinese literature from the 6th century B. Dec 22, · ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to review recent developments in leadership theories from paradigm perspective and introduce the new frontiers and challenges of leadership theories and practice.
Considering that organizational analysis is rooted in different social science paradigms, “scientization” was likely to result in hegemony of a.