This lack of documentation is taken by many anti-Stratfordians as evidence that Shakespeare had little or no education. In his surviving signatures William Shakespeare did not spell his name as it appears on most Shakespeare title pages. His surname was spelled inconsistently in both literary and non-literary documents, with the most variation observed in those that were written by hand.
The Simple Case for Shakespeare by J. There are confirmed surviving copies today; approximately 40 of them are complete. One of the biggest debates with which I'm involved is the authorship debate over Shakespeare's works.
Many different people have engaged me with their theories The true author of shakespeares works why Shakespeare couldn't have written his works and who they believe was the actual author behind them. I try to listen with an open mind, but I have always been a member of the Stratford camp.
This is not out of blind loyalty to my own pet theories; I have no real stake in whether or not Shakespeare wrote the plays bearing his name. Given this, I've felt no need to defend my opinions on the authorship debate, especially when there are scholars who have dedicated their professional lives to the subject and are in a better position to debate the evidence or lack thereof.
I treat other opinions with respect, I wait for the incontrovertible evidence that will put this argument to bed once and for all, and I wonder sometimes if any one writer could have been responsible for the ensuing effect on literature, language, and history.
Besides, the burden of proof falls on the other claimants to the throne. For those that ask me, ultimately, why I believe in Shakespeare as the author, I have a simple if often frustrating to those who fervidly believe in another author answer: The issue is complex, fraught with logic pitfalls even for those who defend the orthodoxy, but Shakespeare remains the easiest of any authorship candidate to defend.
For elaboration, let me first introduce my friend, William of Occam, and his proposition that forms the basis of my stance. All things being equal, the simplest solution is usually the correct one. In this case, we have propositions that four different men Shakespeare, Bacon, Marlowe, and Oxford can all lay claim to the authorship of nearly forty plays produced in Elizabethan England.
The plays had to have some sort of author; they didn't just write themselves. Hence, we have four competing theories for who could have authored the works. Assuming all claims are equal and valid, we can then apply Occam's Razor to their arguments.
Four Hypotheses in a Nutshell William Shakespeare of Stratford-upon-Avon wrote or predominantly authored works that bear his name. Francis Bacon, Elizabethan philosopher and writer, wrote the works under a pseudonym for reasons not readily apparent, but scattered ciphers throughout the work that pointed to himself as the author.
Christopher Marlowe, Elizabethan playwright who died inwas a spy in the service of the crown whose death was faked, and he went on writing plays under a pseudonym to conceal his real identity.
Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, who is acknowledged as a poet and playwright, wrote the works under a pseudonym because courtiers were barred from publishing poetry.
To begin with, it's hard to argue with the fact that for plus years, the works have been attributed to a William Shakespeare.
We know that a man by that name was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, and that Shakespeare also died in the town of his birth. The documentary evidence of the time suggests strongly that William Shakespeare left Stratford sometime after and appeared in London in approximately AfterWilliam Shakespeare is noted as a member of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, an acting company that performed the plays attributed to William Shakespeare, and was also a shareholder in the Globe Theatre, the artistic home of the Lord Chamberlain's Men.
At the end of William Shakespeare's career in London, he retired to Stratford-upon-Avon, where he died in Seven years later, John Heminges and Henry Condell, actors from Shakespeare's company who are also mentioned in Shakespeare's last will and testament, made arrangements for the First Folio of published works attributed to William Shakespeare, including the sonnets.
Philosopher, scientist, statesman, and sometimes poet, Bacon was arguably one of the most well educated men in England during his lifetime.
His first major work, his Essays, appear circaat which point Bacon would have been about 36 years old. He entered college at Cambridge at 12, passed the bar at 21, and was a member of the House of Commons at His career as a politician would not necessarily preclude him from having enough spare time to write, even though his greatest works came only after he had effectively left his political career.
Supporters also point to potential clues within Bacon's memoirs and correspondence, and specifically point to Bacon's notebook, Promus, which contains nearly 2, sayings, phrases, and other such material that Bacon seems to have deemed useful. Bacon did not make much use of the Promus material in the works he published after Some similarities do, however, exist between passages in Promus and several of the works attributed to William Shakespeare.
In addition, Bacon supporters have occasionally pointed to Bacon's fascination with ciphers and demonstrated what they believe to be ciphers contained within the works that attribute the work to Bacon.
He was also a spy in the employ of the crown. Allegedly stabbed to death in a bar brawl circaMarlowe's death was faked, and the playwright fled England to Italy.
The theory, most prominently championed by Calvin Hoffman, says that Marlowe's work flourished in Italy, at which point it was passed through contacts back to England, where the actor William Shakespeare served as a front man for the plays.
Supporters of Marlowe point to similarities of phrasing in some of Marlowe's work and that of Shakespeare. And certainly, Marlowe was university educated, which most supporters of alternate candidates maintain must be a prerequisite for anyone to have written the plays.
If, in fact, Marlowe lived beyondit also seems plausible that he would have written later works, being only about 29 years old at the time of the alleged death. Edward de Vere Edward de Vere was, in fact, an acknowledged poet during his lifetime.
Supporters point to evidence such as the Oxford Bible, which contains a number of highlighted passages that correspond to various passages in the works attributed to Shakespeare.The Truth About Shakespeare. For centuries we have all been told and taught that the author of the Shakespearean works was William Shakespeare from the English villiage of Stratford.
Substantial evidence has come to light which proves, beyond a reasonable .
Despite William Shakespeare?s status as a literary giant, a small but vocal group of scholars, playwrights, actors, and conspiracy theorists have long argued that he is not the true author of his plays. Was the man we know as Shakespeare really the author of the "Shakespearean Works"?
We know little about the man called Shakespeare, Did he really write the . Claim: A black woman named Amelia Bassano has been proved the true (uncredited) author of all of William Shakespeares caninariojana.com Instead, the majority of alternate authorship hypotheses start by invalidating Shakespeare entirely, searching for a candidate whose credentials please them, and then attempting to reconcile the candidate with the requisite history that proves their candidate was the true author of the works.
Who Was The True Author of Shakespeare's Works? The authenticity of Shakespeare's works being those of William Shakespeare has long been debated.
Many people and scholars have explored the possibility that maybe the many amazing plays and sonnets were possibly written by a man named Edward de Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford.