Greek literature

A similar point can be made regarding Greek literature as a whole. Over a period of more than ten centuries, the ancient Greeks created a literature of such brilliance that it has rarely been equaled and never surpassed. In poetry, tragedy, comedy, and history, Greek writers created masterpieces that have inspired, influenced, and challenged readers to the present day.

Greek literature

The earliest known Greek writings are Mycenaeanwritten in the Linear B syllabary on clay tablets. These documents contain prosaic records largely concerned with trade lists, inventories, receipts, etc.

Within poetry there were three super-genres: The common European terminology about literary genres is directly derived from the ancient Greek terminology. Although the works as they now stand are credited to him, it is certain that their roots reach far back before his time see Homeric Question.

It centers on the person of Achilles[8] who embodied the Greek heroic ideal. Penelope was considered the ideal female, Homer depicted her as the ideal female based on her commitment, modesty, purity, and respect during her marriage with Odysseus. During his ten-year voyage, he loses all of his comrades and ships and makes his way home to Ithaca disguised as a beggar.

Both of these works were based on ancient legends. The Homeric dialect was an archaic language based on Ionic dialect mixed with some element of Aeolic dialect and Attic dialect[10] the latter due to the Athenian edition of the 6th century BC.

The epic verse was the hexameter. He was a native of Boeotia in central Greeceand is thought to have lived and worked around BC. Works and Days is a faithful depiction of the poverty-stricken country life he knew so well, and it sets forth principles and rules for farmers.

Theogony is a systematic account of creation and of the gods. It vividly describes the ages of mankind, beginning with a long-past Golden Age.

Greek lyric A nineteenth-century painting by the English painter Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema depicting the poetess Sappho gazing on in admiration as the poet Alcaeus plays the lyre Lyric poetry received its name from the fact that it was originally sung by individuals or a chorus accompanied by the instrument called the lyre.

Despite the name, however, the lyric poetry in this general meaning was divided in four genres, two of which were not accompanied by citharabut by flute.

These two latter genres were elegiac poetry and iambic poetry.

Greek literature

Both were written in the Ionic dialect. Elegiac poems were written in elegiac couplets and iambic poems were written in iambic trimeter. The first of the lyric poets was probably Archilochus of Paroscirca BC, the most important iambic poet.

The few remnants suggest that he was an embittered adventurer who led a very turbulent life. Lyric poems often employed highly varied poetic meters. The most famous of all lyric poets were the so-called " Nine Lyric Poets. In antiquity, her poems were regarded with the same degree of respect as the poems of Homer.

The poetry written by Alcman was considered beautiful, even though he wrote exclusively in the Doric dialectwhich was normally considered unpleasant to hear. The tragic plays grew out of simple choral songs and dialogues performed at festivals of the god Dionysus. In the classical period, performances included three tragedies and one pastoral drama, depicting four different episodes of the same myth.Ancient Greek Literature.

The art of writing was lost to Greece from around BC, and for nearly years Greece entered an age of illiteracy. Greek Literature: An Anthology: Translations from Greek Prose and Poetry (Penguin Classics) Apr 28, by Various and Michael Grant.

Paperback. $ (33 used & new offers) 5 out of 5 stars 2. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, 3rd Edition. Greek Verse Early Greek verse (like Homer’s “Iliad” and “Odyssey”) was epic in nature, a form of narrative literature recounting the life and works of a heroic or mythological person or group.

There are four major periods of Greek literature: preclassical, classical, Hellenistic-Roman, and Byzantine. Of these the most significant works were produced during the preclassical and classical .

Ancient Literature. Discover some of the oldest works of poetry, history, tragedy, and comedy with these resources on Ancient Literature. Greek literature, body of writings in the Greek language, with a continuous history extending from the 1st millennium bc to the present day.

From the beginning its writers were Greeks living not only in Greece proper but also in Asia Minor, the Aegean Islands, and Magna Graecia (Sicily and southern Italy).

Ancient Greek Literature Facts for Kids