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BrainyQuote, This essay shall evaluate critically the understanding of leadership using an example of what makes a good leader, evaluating the example against what makes a bad leader.
The social identity theory asserts that everyone has a collective interest in preserving and enhancing self-esteem. The theory therefore postulates that group members work collectively and individually to promote a positive image for their group.
With an inter-group focus, SIT has sought to localise the individual with regard to the social process of being a group member.
In many groups to which individuals belong, you will always encounter members of the group that seem to have the good ideas, on which everyone else in the group agrees.
They are the individuals that everyone seems to follow. These people have the power to make things Page 1 Word Count: It has been found that Leaders enable the group to function as a productive and coordinated whole.
Great leaders, such Churchill, Gandhi, Hitler, Mandela, Thatcher and even more classical leaders such as, Jesus and Mohammad are people that have certain personality characteristics. It is argued that these traits predispose them to lead, and some theorists have stated that these leaders came from upper classes and so had better opportunities.
This had led some theorists to speculate that breeding had something to do with leadership; this has since being overlooked by different areas of research.
This has led some researchers to explore the nature of these norm changing abilities and to look at not only the leaders themselves, but the relationships between the two groups. This ability to affect change, it has been argued, is a necessary trait in a leader. This theory has become known as the Path-Goal Theory House, A discussion about leadership must have an implicit reference to its associated Page 2 Word Count: Any consideration of leader-follower dynamics must consider their inter-relationship within a chosen group.
This fundamental step must be the starting point for any discourse about the social identity approach to leadership.
The psychological basis of group membership is the cognitive act of defining oneself as a category member; i. This entails a process of self-stereotyping. The people who are influential in the group; i.
This is especially true of those who are seen as prototypical group members. Those that lead the group can be said to be the most prototypical of the group position in a given context Reicher, In order to investigate these findings a context has to be created, in order to discover where people form a group, so that leadership is expected to emerge.
These results show support for leadership trait arguments, leadership depends upon the existence of a shared social identity within a group. As stated already it has been found that leaders and followers are dependent upon the nature of social reality, and hence the definition of social categories.
It is also necessary, that leaders define those social categories and mobilize group members to transform the social reality.
In Page 3 Word Count: It is also necessary to evaluate those qualities of Leadership, for each example, by using the Social Identity Approach as a referent.
Good leadership, according to the SIT, is defined by the three following factors: Secondly, it has been shown that leaders can only succeed as leaders when they can enable followers to become successful agents. Successful leaders, allow followers to become masters of their own fate and enable the leader to cement their position.
Page 4 Word Count: To appeal to the working classes, the programme included several measures to redistribute income and wealth, and increasing old age pensions and free education. His knowledge of the needs of the common German people allowed him to rouse passions in those ordinary working classes, to accept his future vision of what Germany would be.
Hitler knew that the growth of the popularity of the party was due to his great skill as an orator. Hitler made it an issue to arrive late to arouse tension, and end the speech at such a crescendo that the audience would be left in a state of near hysteria.
By using his leadership skills and abilities to rally and motivate people to accept his own norms and values, he created a force to be reckoned with by consolidating the group membership and so increasing its power and solidarity.
Hitler had galvanised the party followers and encouraged them to commit acts of unspeakable violence against the Jews and other left wing opponents.
By enthusing the people of Germany, Hitler had shown the two necessary factors of social identity; that of the ability to mobilize people and create social power through a compelling construction of social identity.Outline social identity theory and with reference to recent research critically evaluate the strategies individuals or groups might use to achieve a positive social identity.
Social Identity Theory (SIT) is a relational term, defining who we are as a function of our similarities and differences with others. In order to evaluate whether social psychology might benefit from a more integrated approach it is useful to evaluate where that integration is occurring and whether it is producing meaningful knowledge.
Social identity theory grew out of the minimal group paradigm experiments in which it was found that people would strongly identify with. This theory was developed by Henri Tajfel (pronounced TIE-FELL) and John Turner, two British caninariojana.com (caption right) was a Polish Jew whose family were killed in Nazi death caninariojana.com settled in Britain but devoted himself to researching prejudice and discrimination.
Social Identity Theory (SIT) says we get our self-esteem from the groups we belong to.
Critically evaluate the contribution of the Social Identity Approach to social psychological understanding of leadership “Ten soldiers wisely led will beat a hundred without a head” Euripides, c.
– BC (Source: BrainyQuote, ) This essay shall evaluate critically the understanding of. The Social Categorisation theory developed by Turner and colleagues after Tajfel’s death in , the theory grew from early social identity work, returning to the categorisation process that was considered fundamental to the Social Identity Theory.
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